Sentience and Animal Welfare

Paper: 978 1 78064 404 2 / $70.00
Published: September 2014  

Cloth: 978 1 78064 403 5 / $145.00
Published: September 2014  

Publisher: CABI
200 pp., 6 1/8" x 9 1/5"
Beginning with an introduction to sentience, the book investigates why we are so interested in sentience, when humans became sentient, and how it has changed over time. The book defines aspects of sentience such as consciousness, memory and emotions, and discusses brain complexity in detail. Examining sentience from a developmental perspective, it analyzes when sentience appears and uses evidence from a range of studies investigating embryos, fetuses and young animals to form an enlightening overview of the subject.

Table of Contents:
1. The Qualities That Make Up Sentience
2. Ethics, Morality and Attitudes
3. Animal Welfare Science: History and Concepts
4. Brain Complexity and Cognitive Ability
5. Feelings and Emotions
6. Awareness and Consciousness
7. Motivation and Needs
8. Welfare Assessment
9. Sentience During Development, Brain Damage and Old Age
10. Ethical Decisions About Humans and Non-humans
11. Sustainability, Welfare Attitudes and Education

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Reviews & Endorsements:
"Broom (veterinary medicine, Univ. of Cambridge, UK) takes readers on a short, clear, authoritative journey through animal sentience and what it means in terms of how humans value and treat animals. He quickly outlines what sentience and ethics are, followed by a little history of people's views of animals. He discusses the four bases for animal sentience--cognition, affect, awareness (which he equates to consciousness), and motivation. He draws on wide, up-to-date coverage of research on these areas across the phyla, including cephalopods, fish, and crustaceans. Having set a foundation, Broom then discusses how these apply to animal welfare, in many cases using domesticated animals as examples and evaluating how physiological and behavioral measures can be used to study areas such as pain and wellness, including evaluating what is important to an animal. There is an interesting assessment of sentience across the life-span and when human and nonhuman animals should be protected. Broom ends by pointing out that public attitudes, as examples in the Canadian seal hunt and genetically modified animals, can change practice and feels that public education is the ultimate answer to good animal welfare. Summing Up: Highly Recommended."